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Stimulate bundling freight transport to make optimal use of road, rail and IWW

FACT SHEET NO.: Cat-No.4 / Subcat-No.4.10


General Information

Title

FACT SHEET NO.: Cat-No.4 / Subcat-No.4.10

Category

4. Internal market

Subcategory

4.10 Multimodal Transport

Transport policy measure (TPM)

Stimulate bundling freight transport to make optimal use of road, rail and IWW

Description of TPM

Freight operators are dissatisfied with the presence of numerous administrative and institutional barriers at terminals, the qualityof operations and sub-optimal transhipment processes.This situation calls for new concepts for bundling freight into consignments and new transhipment schemes, which in turn will require advanced designs of intermodal terminals.Bundling is the process of transporting goods belonging to different flows in a common vehicle (like train, barge or truck) or other unit during part of their journey. The measure simulates freight transport bundling, which is one of the key driving forces of container service network dynamics. The bundling of cargo typically involves several layers starting with the consolidation of parcels onto a pallet up to the bundling of a large number of containers onto a trunk line at sea or in the hinterland.

Implementation examples

- Inland service configuration and bundling in the Hamburg-Le Havre range
- Bundling in between the Antwerp, Rotterdam and the Rhine basin
- Several bundling practices around Europe, and the rest of the world (China, North America)

Objectives of TPM

- Support energy efficiency
- reduction of congestion
- reduction of transport costs
- efficient use of transport infrastructure
- optimisation of infrastructure usage (rail, road, ports, hubs, iww)

Choice of transport mode / Multimodality

Improvement in multimodality

Origin and/or destination of trip

Trip frequency

Need to be adapted to the 'bundling timetable'

Choice of route

Route of goods adapts to the bundling route

Timing (day, hour)

Need to be adapted to the 'bundling timetable'

Occupancy rate / Loading factor

Increase in efficiency of loading units.

Energy efficiency / Energy usage

Significant improvement of energy efficiency and usage

Main source

[1] Ekki Kreutzberger (2010) Lowest Cost Intermodal Rail Freight Transport Bundling Networks: Conceptual Structuring and Identification
[2] AN CARIS, CATHY MACHARIS, GERRIT K. JANSSENS (2008) Planning Problems in Intermodal Freight Transport
[3] T. Notteboom (2010): Bundling of Freight Flows and Hinterland Network Development
[4] Kreutzberger, Ekki: from bundling theory to network and node innovation,
[5] Analysis of intermode connections in terms of transport system development in Poland.

Traffic Impacts

Passengers 

         

Transport operators 

           

Unassigned 

         

Travel or transport time

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Risk of congestion

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Vehicle mileage

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Service and comfort

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Overall impacts on social groups

Implementation phase

Operation phase

Summary / comments concerning the main impacts

Bundling of freight transport helps to use the resources (energy, human, infrastructure etc) in the most optimal rate, therefore reduces costs, risk of congestion, and improves sercive and comfort for operators.[1]

Quantification of impacts


Economic Impacts

Passengers 

         

Transport operators 

           

Unassigned 

         

Transport costs

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Private income / commercial turn over

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Revenues in the transport sector

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Sectoral competitiveness

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Spatial competitiveness

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Housing expenditures

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Insurance costs

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Health service costs

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Public authorities & adm. burdens on businesses

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Public income (e.g.: taxes, charges)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Third countries and international relations

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Overall impacts on social groups

Implementation phase

Operation phase

Summary / comments concerning the main impacts

The overall effect of the measure is the improvement of multimodal transport. That means, the number of vehicles decrease on roads, and the traffic on rail and iww increases. Principally, the specific costs of the road transport is higher than the others (except air cargo) so the overall costs reduce, including externalities. Through more efficient and effective transport chain, the sectoral competitiveness imporves as well [3, 5]

Quantification of impacts


Social Impacts
Environmental Impacts

Passengers 

         

Transport operators 

           

Unassigned 

         

Air pollutants

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Noise emissions

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Visual quality of the landscape

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Land use

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Climate

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Renewable or non-renewable resources

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Overall impacts on social groups

Implementation phase

Operation phase

Summary / comments concerning the main impacts

Intermodal, combined and multimodal transport modes are (per definition) more environment aware than only road transport. Therefore an energy efficient bundling freight transport causes less air and noise pollutants. [5]

Quantification of impacts


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