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Green transport corridors

FACT SHEET NO.: Cat-No.3 / Subcat-No.3.4-1


General Information

Title

FACT SHEET NO.: Cat-No.3 / Subcat-No.3.4-1

Category

3. Infrastructure

Subcategory

3.4 EU transport infrastructure in view of energy efficiency needs and climate change challenges

Transport policy measure (TPM)

Green transport corridors

Description of TPM

The concept of transport corridors is marked by a concentration of freight traffic between major hubs and by relatively long distances of transport. Along these corridors industry will be encouraged to rely on co-modality and on advanced technology in order to accommodate rising traffic volumes while promoting environmental sustainability and energy efficiency. Green transport corridors will reflect an integrated transport concept where short sea shipping, rail, inland waterways and road complement each other to enable the choice of environmentally friendly transport. They will be equipped with adequate transhipment facilities at strategic locations (such as seaports, inland ports, marshalling yards and other relevant logistics terminals and installations) and with supply points initially for biofuels and, later, for other forms of green propulsion. Green corridors could be used to experiment with environmentally-friendly, innovative transport units, and with advanced ITS applications. [1]

Implementation examples

- NAIADES programme for inland waterway transport
- Motorways of the Sea
- Freight-oriented rail network
- TEN-T and the Marco Polo programme

Objectives of TPM

- Support energy efficiency and Sustainability
- reduction of carbondioxide emission
- mobilise unexploited logistic reserves
- efficient use of transport infrastructure
- better integration of transport modes[1,3]

Choice of transport mode / Multimodality

Significant improvement in multimodality, more emphasis on rail and iww freight transport

Origin and/or destination of trip

Trip frequency

Choice of route

Possible impact on route choice (freight) through logistic centres, concentrated flows.

Timing (day, hour)

Occupancy rate / Loading factor

Increase in efficiency of loading units.

Energy efficiency / Energy usage

Significant improvement of energy efficiency and usage.

Main source

[1] European Commission (2007): Summary of the Impact Assessment of an Action Plan for Freight Transport Logistics, Brussels.
[2] Freight Transport Logistics Action Plan {SEC(2007) 1320} {SEC(2007) 1321}
[3] Freight Transport Logistics Action Plan IMPACT ASSESSMENT {COM(2007) 607 final} {SEC(2007) 1321}

Traffic Impacts

Passengers 

         

Transport operators 

           

Unassigned 

         

Travel or transport time

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Risk of congestion

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Vehicle mileage

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Service and comfort

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Overall impacts on social groups

Implementation phase

Operation phase

Summary / comments concerning the main impacts

The green corridors will reduce road freight transport volumes while increase rail and iww performances. This leads to a more efficient, reliable and, cost-efficient freight transport system. These effects also result in a reduced risk of congestion for passengers on road.[1]

Quantification of impacts


Economic Impacts

Passengers 

         

Transport operators 

           

Unassigned 

         

Transport costs

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Private income / commercial turn over

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Revenues in the transport sector

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Sectoral competitiveness

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Spatial competitiveness

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Housing expenditures

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Insurance costs

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Health service costs

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Public authorities & adm. burdens on businesses

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Public income (e.g.: taxes, charges)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Third countries and international relations

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Overall impacts on social groups

Implementation phase

Operation phase

Summary / comments concerning the main impacts

The measures grouped under the heading "Sustainable quality and efficiency" should positively impact logistics cost components by improving logistics training, allowing shippers to apply quality criteria in the selection of transport operators and helping transhipment platforms improve their performance and efficiency by comparing themselves with other such operators.
Simplification of logistics chains will bring major savings due to a reduction in the administrative burden and a mitigation of the costs incurred through legal uncertainty as regards liability in multi-modal transport chains.
The impacts of vehicles dimensions need to be studied closely before conclusions are drawn on their economic repercussions. As regards the definition of standards for intermodal freight transport units, it can be assumed that they will render loading, unloading and transhipment of freight less costly and improve terminal productivity. Furthermore, they will reduce transport costs by substantially improving loading factors over ISO-containers and certain swap bodies. [1]

Quantification of impacts


Social Impacts
Environmental Impacts

Passengers 

         

Transport operators 

           

Unassigned 

         

Air pollutants

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Noise emissions

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Visual quality of the landscape

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Land use

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Climate

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Renewable or non-renewable resources

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Overall impacts on social groups

Implementation phase

Operation phase

Summary / comments concerning the main impacts

The action will help address the CO2 emission, greenhouse effect, noise, and several related issues by helping to reduce unnecessary transport activity, improving the integration of transport modes and the attractiveness of those which are more environmentally friendly and by facilitating the consideration of qualitative criteria – including environmental impacts – in customer choice. The notion of "green transport" and the priority area urban transport will help apply new, environmentally friendly technologies to where their impact will be greatest.
Residents near motorways will benefit from improved integration of transport modes (which will to less road freight transport, and thus less emissions near motorways). Moreover, terminals, ports and stations are needed to accomodate these multimodal transportation (increased land use).
Climate change will decrease (greener and more sustainable transport) and the need for non-renewable sources will decline.

Quantification of impacts


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